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Japan-Vietnam

History of a relationship under influences


par Guy Faure & Laurent Schwab
NUS Press, Singapour, 2008, 177 p.
ISBN : 978-9971-69-389-3
English Language English text

 

Japan, the reigning economic giant of East Asia, and Vietnam, an industrialising socialist country in Southeast Asia with strong links to China, occupy worlds that seem not to intersect. Yet historical connections between the two countries date back at least to the fourteenth century, when a Japanese merchant community flourished in the city of Hoi An.

As Guy Faure and Laurent Schwab point out, relations between the two countries have been greatly influenced by outside powers. In the late nineteenth century, confronted by Western colonialism, Vietnamese nationalists took refuge in Japan and sought inspiration from Japan's économie development and resistance to the West. During the Pacific War Japan's imperial army virtually occupied Vietnam, albeit under a treaty agreement with France. And American B52 bombers flew sorties during the Vietnam War from bases in Okinawa, which made Tokyo an enemy in the eyes of Hanoi. However, the new century has brought a growing convergence of interests and the beginnings of a new relationship based on an emerging convergence of interests.

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SOMMAIRE

 

List of Maps, Graphs, Tables and Boxes
Acknowledgements
Foreword by Prof. Masaya Shiraishi, Waseda University

Introduction

 

 

PART ONE: JAPAN’S PRESENCE AND INFLUENCES IN THE PAST

 

Chapter 1. Japan’s Modernisation as seen from Hanoi

- Peaceful Trade Expansion in the 16th and 17th Centuries Meiji Restoration
- The dong du (Exodus to the East) or the Missed Opportunity
- Vietnamese Nationalism and the “Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere”

 

Chapter 2. The Pacific War and the Impérial Army in Vietnam

- Vietnam: A Bridge between China and Southeast Asia
- Japanese Occupation
- Japanese Presence and Indo-Chinas Emancipation
- Responsibility for an Apocalypse or the Origins of the 1945 Famine
- Japanese Renegades in the Vietminh

 

 

PART TWO: VIETNAM’S PERCEPTIONS FROM WAR TO DOI MOI

 

Chapter 3. The Vietnam War as Seen from Tokyo

- Okinawa’s Role
- The “Separation of Politics and Economies”
- Japan’s Opposition to the Vietnam War
- Economie Impact of the Vietnam War
- From Peaceful Movement to Anti-war Struggle

 

Chapter 4. From Réunification to doi moi

- Reunification and the Fukuda Doctrine
- Vietnamese Intervention in Cambodia and Japan’s Deception
- Arrival of the “boat people” in Japan
- Doi moi and the Withdrawal from Cambodia
- The Return of the Japanese

 

 

PART THREE: A TIME FOR EXCHANGES AND REDISCOVERY

 

Chapter 5. Development of Business Relations

- 1991: The Starting Point
- Trade
- Direct Investments: An Evolution over Four Periods
- The Logic and the Modes of Establishment
- Management and Performances of Companies
- Sectorial Elucidation
- Vietnamese Interests versus Japanese Interests

 

Chapter 6. Mutual Rediscovery

- Ideology and the Market
- Images and Perceptions
- Vietnam and the Ethnie Boom in Japan
- Japanese Vietnamology and Vietnamese Japanology
- Influences, Cross-culture and Cultural Traditions

 

Chapter 7. Strategy, Diplomacy and Official Development Aid

- Assistance as an Extension of the Fukuda Doctrine
- Aid to Vietnam
- Financial Aid and “Conceptual” Aid
- Integrating Vietnam into its Régional Environment
- Prospects of Japanese Aid to Vietnam

 

Conclusion

Fact Files: Vietnam and Japan
Chronology

Notes
Glossary

Bibliography
Index