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Empiral essays on issues in conventional and islamic banking: case of Indonesia


Author: Pamungkas, Putra
Under the direction of: Laetitia Lepetit and de Clovis Rugemintwari
Limoges University
English Language English text

Keywords: Economy, Indonesia, Type of loan, Indonesia, Sharia-compliant, Deposit insurance, Risk, Deposit structure, Income inequality, Banks.


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This dissertation highlights three important issues in Indonesian banking both conventional and Islamic banking. In the first chapter, investigates the relationship between bank lending and income inequality by considering a broad range of loan categories. we find that only SME and rural bank lending mitigate income inequality. Conversely, business lending, either for working capital or investment purposes and also consumer lending exacerbates income inequality. The relationship changes for provinces with a lower level of economic development. In the second chapter, we examine the discipline imposed by depositors to banks by disentangling the impact of macro risk and micro risk. Our findings show that both macro and micro levels of risk are considered by depositors to discipline banks. Large uninsured depositors are more effective in disciplining banks highlighting the credibility of the insurance system in place. Bank ownership type also matters in explaining the difference in market discipline by depositors. In the third chapter, we paper investigates whether the introduction of an Islamic Deposit Insurance (IDI) may affect the deposit flow and/or the price for Islamic banks in Indonesia vis-à-vis conventional banks. We exploit, for that, an exogenous effect in the announcement in December 2014 of a deposit insurance scheme separation from the unified deposit insurance for conventional and Islamic banks into two different funds in Indonesia. We find that the announcement of sharia-compliant deposit insurance has a significant impact on growth of small deposits. Our results show that there is a different deposit growth after the IDIC announces the separation of the deposit insurance fund. It shows that the announcement increases the deposit growth of Islamic banks compared to conventional banks.