> Études transnationales

En route to the United Kingdom

A field survey of vietnamese migrants

Les Cahiers du social
Thi Hiep NGUYEN et Danielle TAN
Irasec et France terre d’asile, Ivry sur seine, March 2017, 122 p.

English Language English text


France terre d'asile has realised a field survey of vitenamese migrants in transit in the Pas-de-Calais department, in the context of an innovative project conducted by France terre d’asile between the 1st November 2015 and the 30th April 2017, entitled “assistance project for victims of human trafficking”, a project to identify, inform and advise victims of human trafficking in the department of Pas-de-Calais.

The study is aiming in particular to better understand their migration routes, their reasons for leaving their home country, their profiles, their relations with smugglers’ networks, the methods of control and coercion exer-cised over the migrants, as well as the migrants’ needs in order to be able to improve the support provided to them in France and Europe.





Context of the study


01 - Who are they? Profiles, motivations and migration routes

From political refugees to economic migrants: the new face of Vietnamese migration

The end of the Vietnam War and the exile of the boat people
The new wave of Vietnamese migration
The dream of a better life
From dreams to harsh reality: the cannabis trap

The flows of Vietnamese migration

The importance of international migration to the Vietnamese economy
High internal migration levels

Migration routes

The journey through Russia, Belarus, Poland, Paris, Angres/Calais
Calais, an increasingly costly and difficult crossing
The Vietnamese migrants of the former communist block
Paris, a transitory stage that becomes long-term


02 - The situation of the Vietnamese migrants in transit on the Channel’s French coastline

The invisibility strategy of the Vietnamese migrants

The upstream crossing: the Angres hub — “Vietnam City”
The role of the “smugglers”

Vietnamese migrants living on the fringes

The camps of Basroch and La Linière in Grande-Synthe


03 - Identification of the vulnerability factors and possible support approaches

The principal vulnerability factors specific to Vietnamese migrants

A rigid international legal framework
The vulnerability factors
The “grey areas”

Possible support measures for victims

The problems of addressing the problem of trafficking in France
From trafficking to modern slavery: terminology issues
The British model: a possible source of inspiration for France?



Annex 1: List of interviews
Annex 2: Interview table

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En route to the United Kingdom

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