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De la protection du patrimoine culturel à la valorisation du tourisme durable en face des enjeux géopolitiques et environnementaux : le cas des villages traditionnels au Delta du Fleuve Rouge, Vietnam


Author: Hoang, Thi Van Anh
Under the direction of : Arnaud de Raulin and Jean Paul Pastorel
University of French Polynesia
Langue française Texte français

Keywords: Law, Vietnam, Tourism, Economy, Territorial organization, Protection of cultural and intangible heritage, Red River Delta (Vietnam).


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Tourism is one of the strategic sectors for the economy of Vietnam and several countries in Asia-Pacific. Tourism is a lever of creativity, innovation and human link, its development adapts well to the societal, geopolitical, economic and technological changes of the countries. The 2 deltas of Mekong and Red River play a major role in the socio-economic development of Vietnam. The Mekong River is the 12th longest river in the world with 4 350 km and a flow of 795 000 km3/year. It originates in the Tibetan plateau in China, flows through 5 countries (Laos, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia and turns into a delta in Vietnam). The Red River, with a total basin area of 156,450 km2 originates from China (Yunnan province) and flows through several provinces in northern Vietnam (with a population of about 40,000 million). The 2 deltas are the cradles of flooded rice civilizations, with villages rich in heritage, cultural values, natural landscapes and traditional know-how. How to anticipate the policies of the territorial organization at several levels and national, local scales (adapt, support, conceive) for a better valorization of the heritage and the green productions and its traditional know-how ? The identification of the potential of fair tourism in these areas will allow to better foresee its international integration. Is the development of normative tools for the management and protection of cultural and intangible heritage a facilitating vector for the development of sustainable tourism in these regions ?